Most of Ontario south of the Canadian Shield was covered by a vast shallow sea 570 to 240 million years ago. Imagine a steamy tropical climate complete with long extinct exotic species interacting in a salt water soup.

The seas were dominated by molluscs, bivalves (a type of mollusc), starfish, and the most intriguing animal of the Paleozoic seas: the trilobite. As the climate changed, these creatures disappeared, but we can still find their remains today that reveal a glimpse of Ontario’s ancient tropical past

Trilobite fossil
Trilobite fossil

It’s Sedimentary My dear Watson!
Sedimentary rocks form when loose particles of clay, silt, sand or gravel are transported by water, ice or wind and become cemented together by pressure (lithification).

Limestone, light in colour with no visible grains, is a sedimentary rock which is made of calcium carbonate produced, or precipitated, when seas dry up.

As the calcium carbonate precipitated out of the drying sea, they sometimes formed around the hard shells and skeletons of sea creatures, preserving them as fossils in the rock record.

Under your feet, beneath the load of glacial till lies the solid limestone bedrock of an ancient sea!

Challenge: Fossil Finder
Sleuth Awenda’s beaches for the fossil evidence of the ancient inland seas that once covered the land! Make a rubbing of the fossil by placing paper over top of the fossil and gently rubbing a pencil over it. ***Remember to LEAVE ANYTHING you discover where you find it for others to enjoy- it is protected by law.

Next Up:
Head back toward the Beach Trail and walk approximately 186m along the Beach Trail toward Pet Beach

Look for the beach entrance marked by a Pet Beach sign and a Warning: Drowning sign and then continue approximately 13m down the path leading toward the Beach in order to reach Stop 5.